Progress in Physics ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (3): 68-83.doi: 10.13725/j.cnki.pip.2023.03.002

Special Issue: 2023年, 第43卷

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Types and Properties of Copper-Oxide Superconductors with Critical Temperatures Above 110 K


  1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of High Temperature Superconductors, Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Online:2023-06-20 Published:2023-06-20


Oxide superconductor is one of the most important forms of unconventional superconductors, in which the transition temperatures of thallium series, mercury series and copper-carbon series superconductors can reach 110 K or above. High superconducting transition temperature and irreversible magnetic field in liquid nitrogen temperature region have attracted much attention. Obviously, the high superconducting critical temperature increases the choice of cooling medium for superconducting applications. Economical and practical coolants are expected to expand the application fields of these high superconducting transition temperature (T) superconductors and increase the feasibility of long-term operation. In this paper, the development and superconducting properties of 110 K superconducting materials including thallium, mercury and copper-carbon superconductors are introduced and summarized, and the factors affecting the superconducting transition temperature are analyzed theoretically to qualitatively explain the reasons for the high T of high temperature superconductors. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the differences of their irreversible fields, and the possible new applications of these high critical temperature superconductors are prospected.

Key words: oxide superconductor, superconducting transition temperature, new coolant; high irreversible field

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